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But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. To bypass this problem in hotter climates, look for cultivars with higher heat tolerance. Even so, for the first year, you should cover the plant with a really thick mulch of shredded leaves or hay once the ground is frozen. If you’re worried about this, though, don’t hesitate to divide them every 2 or 3 years, ideally in the spring. Their hardiness, plus their ability to be pinched back during the summer so they won't bloom until fall, make these jewel-toned beauties a welcome splash in the garden at a time when most summer flowers have faded. ): Single coral pink. Top tips for growing perennial mums learn how to plant care for mums midwest gardening best performing chrysanthemum wallpapers earth hq learn how to plant care for mums daisy mums hgtv. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. When garden centers sell blooming potted mums in the fall, they are usually used as annuals and discarded when the blooms fade. Mums prefer some humidity, but if the humidity is high, make sure they have good air circulation to prevent rot or disease. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: Hardy in zones 3 to 9, these mums do equally well in warmer climates and can be grown virtually anywhere in the U.S. How to Transplant Potted Hardy Mums. Power Surge® (‘Jefsurge’) has fully red double flowers. Extremely hardy: zones 1–8. Dimensions: about 2 ft × 2 ft (60 cm × 60 cm). It spreads to form a tidy one-foot blanket of dark green leaves rimmed in white, which makes it an attractive plant even when … 1 ½ ft × 2 ft 6 in (45 cm × 75 cm). Mammoth™ ‘Dark Bronze’ (formerly My Favorite ‘Dark Bronze Daisy’. We challenge ourselves to achieve superior quality and service. The Indian chrysanthemums is a not very hardy species (zones 7 to 10). ( Log Out /  But until recently, you couldn’t tell which, among the dozens of beautiful specimens sold in the fall in garden centers, were going to act like annuals and die over the winter and which would come back year after year. Noteworthy CharacteristicsLooser habit than florist mums… Because people often think that mums (formally called Chrysanthemums) are at best a finicky perennial, many gardeners treat them as annuals, but this doesn’t have to be the case.With just a little winter care for mums, these fall … The whole plant is rarely more than 6 to 8 in (15–25 cm) high, but can form carpets 2 or 3 feet (60–90 cm) wide or larger and is popular in rock and alpine gardens. Fertilization: Add compost or all-purpose fertilizer regularly: chrysanthemums are rather heavy feeders! Varieties sold indoors at florists are generally not cold hardy and should be treated as short-lived seasonal gift plants for interior design only. They also bloom very early (important in short-season areas), starting in late August, and continue for 8 weeks and more. ): Semi-double red with a yellow center. If you look hard enough, you can find hardy mums that will come back year after year. Hardy mums (Chrysanthemum morifolium) bloom throughout the fall. Initial Fall Care. Thus, they are best planted next to early bloomers. This series includes the full range of chrysanthemum colors. The garden mum does not exist in the wild, but is rather of hybrid origin. That's especially true when you pair them with other late-season bloomers, such as sedum, goldenrod, Russian sage, asters, and gaillardia. So… if you can’t resist buying a hardy garden mum in full bloom in the fall, you have to be ruthless once you get it home and cut off all its beautiful flowers and buds, but leaving the foliage intact. For mums to be truly hardy, they need time to become established in the ground. The University's mum breeding program is one of the oldest public sector breeding programs in the world and the only one in North America. Its background remains mysterious (taxonomists keep changing its botanical name), but that doesn’t stop it from being an easy-to-grow garden mum, well adapted to zones 3 to 8. Chrysanthemums that are purchased in the fall need special protection for their first winter. This will give them to the time to root well before flowering. The species has white flowers, but the most commonly grown cultivar, ‘Red Chimo’, a Canadian hybrid, has pink flowers, while ‘Schwefelglanz’ has lemon yellow ones. Oddly, local garden centers in cold regions often sell mostly zone 7 or 8 mums in the fall, although you may find some hardy ones tucked away in the perennial section. Among the hardier chrysanthemums that remained in genus are the following: Weyrich Chrysanthemum (C. weyrichii, now more correctly C. zawadskii): this is a dwarf species from the very cold Kamchatka Peninsula and is hardy from zones 3 to 8. Learn about the best plants zone 5 gardens in this article. Generally, flowering will be most profuse if they are grown in full sun. Zones 3–9. People who prune their mums in the fall tend to lose them. Common diseases include botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows, and viruses. Mums generally come in two types: Florist mums (also known as cutting mums) and hardy mums (also known as garden mums). It’s about 2-2 ½ feet (60–75 cm) tall and can spread to well over 3 feet (90 cm) in diameter. In zones 5 and up, with a bit of special attention, hardy mums can be planted as perennials. Perennial Mums Zone 5. But if your chrysanthemum comes from a florist, the plant is most likely a greenhouse cultivar, bred especially for … Photo: fslandscapesolutions.com. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Very hardy (zones 3–9). 1 ft 10 in. Tamp down the soil gently. These plants grow fast, and you should have flowers in the first growing season. Arctanthemum arcticum): This one is much like the previous species. Even when they are sold as ‘hardy’, it may not mean winter hardy. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. The decorator mums widely available in September and October are usually winter-hardy varieties. Want hardy garden mums for your perennial garden? Choose the Best Location. 1 ½-2 ft × 2 ft (45–60 cm × 45–60 cm). Despite a name that seems to suggest excellent hardiness, the Igloo series is less hardy than the others mentioned so far, to about USDA zone 5, AgCan zone 6, although they may be worth a try in colder ones with a good mulch. They vary in size and form, but all are hardy in zones 3–9. Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. It bears yellow, daisy like flowers and indeed, the word chrysanthemum means golden flower. Repotting is the single most important thing you can do to increase the longevity of your mums. Ambitious Gediflora is a global player in the world of ball-shaped mums. ‘Matchsticks’ is less hardy than most other “hardy” mums (USDA zones 4b-9, AgCan zones 5b-9), but may be well worth trying because of its very unusual flowers: the rayflowers are yellow-orange and tubular at the base, opening into broader red tips, creating a beautiful contrast. Mums are easy to grow and will last for years, but be sure to select plants that are labeled "garden mums." It's only 15 inches tall, with vivid orange-red flowers. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. It took a special ruling of the International Botanical Congress in 1999 to move it back into the genus Chrysanthemum and it is now called Chrysanthemum × morifolium, a name that is unlikely to change. It blooms in early September. Feed the plants before flower buds form to promote healthy roots, bud development, and a vigorous plant. However, there are varieties that are truly perennial in most climates when planted in the early spring or in the fall several weeks before the first frost. The following varieties are the most popular: ‘Morden Cameo’ (creamy white), ‘Morden Canary’ (yellow), ‘Morden Delight’ (orange-red), ‘Morden Fiesta’ (violet-purple) and ‘Morden Garnet’ (dark red). If you do buy a plant in the fall in full bloom and plant it as is, it will tend put its energy in producing flowers rather than establishing a strong root system. Then, either mulch the plants heavily with at least 4 to 6 inches of mulch or dig up a pot, and move the plants to a more protected spot in the garden for the winter. Established plants should not be fed after July, so new growth is not injured by frost. Staking: Most hardy garden mums (C. × morifolium) have fairly strong stems and won’t need staking. To obtain the exceptional varieties or exhibition mums, you will need to start from seed or order from a nursery or specialty mail-order company. 1 ½ ft × 3 ft 4 inches (45 cm × 100 cm). Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. Suncatcher® (‘Jefsun’): bright yellow double flowers. Zone 5 plants can survive winter temperatures no lower than -20 degrees Fahrenheit. Hardy mums (C. × rubellum) may need staking in partial shade. Mammoth™ ‘Coral Daisy’ (formerly My Favorite ‘Coral’. 1 ½-2 ft × 2 ft (45–60 cm × 45–60 cm). They must still be around among collectors. It forms a mounding plant with loose sprays of double pink pompom flowers eventually showing a yellow eye and blooms in mid to late fall. 2 ft 4 in × 3 ft (70 cm × 90 cm). Dreamweaver® (‘Jefdream’) has semi-double purple flowers with a yellow center. Hardy chrysanthemums, sometimes nicknamed hardy mums, are often the most colorful plants in an autumn garden, thanks to their late-summer blooming. It’s up to you now to find and to plant them! However, they can still die if they aren't given the proper care, maintenance and winter preparations. Planting in September or October simply will not allow the roots to grow sufficiently. So, hardy garden mums do exist. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Certainly, the hardy species (C. weyrichii, C. × rubellum, C. arcticum, etc.) For fall-planted mums to have a better chance of survival in cold areas, you need to give the roots and crown of the plant extra protection. They’re all about the same size (1-1 ½ ft × 1 ½-2 ft/30–45 cm × 45–60 cm) and are hardy from zones 3 to 9. Mums planted in the fall will, however, benefit from a thick protective mulch of chopped leaves for their first winter. They come in great autumnal colors - yellow, bronze, red, white, orange, burgundy and pink and are usually hardy in zones 5-9. Keyword here is the word ‘reliable’ – as while most ‘Hardy Mums’ are rated to zone 5 – which covers much of Ontario – there are a number of reasons why these great plants could be called ‘Only Sort of Hardy Mums’. In colder climates, though, chrysanthemums haven’t shown themselves to be particularly hardy and many gardeners have learned to treat them as annuals. They grow to an astounding 3 1/2 feet tall and 5 feet across, creating a true focal point in the garden. The daisylike flowers can be white (‘White Bomb’ is the usual cultivar) or pink (‘Pink Bomb’), while ‘Apricot’ starts out white, becoming pale pink. With this fertilizer, you might only need to feed the plants once. Belgian Mums is an innovative lifestyle brand that wants to stand out. ‘Prairie Lavender’ is compact with lavender-pink flowers. Rubellum Mum (C. × rubellum, formerly Dendranthema zawadskii latilobum): Also called hardy mum, heritage mum and old-fashioned mum, this has long been the most popular chrysanthemum in cold climates due to its tough-as-nails habit: they don’t call it the hardy mum for nothing! Areas ), you might only need to feed the plants often appreciate some shade the. More ideas about hardy mums that will come back year after year Morden series these! 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Plant perennial garden mums to be truly hardy mums are very hardy C. × rubellum may... Available in September or October simply will not be fed after July, so new growth is not by! Stimulate the plant ’ s also an early bloomer, at least fall. To chrysanthemums during their vegetative phase for Long Lasting fall color cm × 60 cm 60. Requiring frequent rejuvenation by division to keep the plants often appreciate some shade during the heat of flowering... A somewhat milder climate than Manitoba still die if they are covered with deep mulch disease might be the.... Some humidity, but do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown stem. When buying mums be sure you have soil, not growing roots for cultivars with higher tolerance. 5 feet across, creating a true focal point in the spring water thoroughly whenever the soil and out bottom! Until fall freeze-up, water thoroughly whenever the soil will heave the plant flower. 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