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WPTC members met online on 22 October to establish the preliminary world production estimate for the year 2020 as to the crop is now finished in most countries. It occupies an area of about 4.73 million hectares with a production of 163.96 million tonnes in the world (FAO, 2016). Due to intense heat (temperature above 43 °C), the plants get burnt, and flowers and small fruits also fall, whereas less than 13°C and greater than  35 °C decreases the fruits and the red color production ratio. They can be grown all over the world on all kinds of soils. Tomato | Scientific Name & Botanical Name, The scientific name or botanical name of tomato is “, Tomatoes contain a significant amount of the lycopene, an antioxidant which is highly beneficial in scavenging of cancer via reducing free radicals content. To get maximum yield from tomato crop, use drip irrigation method. Irrigation in tomato production is quite important for healthy growth of plants, quality and quantity of fruits. For Tomato farming soil  PH must be at 6-7 with soil with excellent drainage property. Tomatoes are considered as fruits and vegetables. It is the world’s 3rd largest vegetable crop after potato and onion. 4) Full maturity: In this state, the fruit is fully reddish and slightly red on the tree. The biggest producer of tomatoes in 2016 was China by far with more than 50 million tons harvested, followed by India, USA, Turkey and Egypt. Seeds are raised before one month of planting seedlings on the ground with 60 to 90 cm width spacing with convenient length. After transplanting give need-based sprays of Imidacloprid 20 SL (0.3ml/l)  after 15 days of planting and do not repeat after the fruiting stage as this may leave harmful residues in fruits. California State produces 255,388 thousand centum weight (cwt) of tomatoes each year. Adding 250 gm of neem cake and 20 gm of Trichoderma as a part of land preparation is helpful in pests protection. They also keep digestive system happy and healthy by preventing us from diarrhea and constipation problem. But, when germination starts in beds, mulching should be discarded immediately and the beds are covered by using fine nylon net to avoid virus transmitting insects and diseases. It is, therefore, a very profitable venture but has its own challenges. Tomatoes also required good soil pH ranging from 5.8 to 7.3 for excellent plant growth, quality, and quantity of fruits. Maggot ( larva)  form mines between two epidermal layers of the leaf and make serpentine mines. He works for more than nine years as an agri-entrepreneur. With the help of this support, fruits cannot expose to soil and water; hence there is no problem of tomato fruit rotting so that more production can be obtained. this Disease mostly appears in September to November month. As per the Third Advance Estimates, the production of Tomato during the current year (2016-17) is likely to be 4.3% higher from the previous year (Table-1.2) The details regarding seasonality and harvesting period of Tomato crop are given in (Table-1.1) Table-1.1 TOMATO TRANSPLANTING AND HARVESTING PERIOD Currently, after potato and sweet potatoes, tomatoes are the worlds largest vegetable and fruit crops which also leads the list of canned vegetables. Consequently, it is the highest producer of tomatoes in the US and among the highest tomato producers in the world. Also, in growing tomatoes, the intensity of light also affects pigmentation and color of fruit along with fruit setting density on plants. For raising seedling on nursery beds, add about 5 kg of farmyard manure along with 25 kg of Nitrogen, 20 kg of Potassium and 20 kg of Phosphorous, 250 gm neem cake and 20 gm of Trichoderma as a part of land preparation. Note: If your crop is being infected heavily by any specific disease, please pray suitable liquid fertilizer to minimize the loss of fruits production on the basis of the recommended doses. Mulching by green leaves should be done after sowing seeds on nursery beds. Principal tomato production regions are located in south Florida, central Florida (south of Tampa), and a small production region in northwest Florida. Planting of seedlings should be done into shallow furrow & small lat bed depending on the facility of irrigation and on the ridge for heavy soils. For the 3rd crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from Sept to Oct. Spraying of neem seed extract @ 5 % can found to beneficial in killing early stages of various kinds of larvae. In tomato production, propagation is mainly done with the help of seeds. They are able to grow well up to an elevation of 1650 meters and little more in the tropical and subtropical climate conditions. And irrigation should be done on daily basis in every morning through rose-can. While  Considering the market distance and transport mode, tomato fruits should be harvest as follows. Area, Production and Average yield of Tomato in Pakistan (2000 to 2010) The province-wise area of tomatoes based on the average data of five years (2005-10) is given below. The total tomato production is 8.6 million tonnes and its productivity is 14.0 t/ha which is half of the world productivity. The availability of Nitrogen in fair amount is found to be beneficial in increasing the fruit size, color, taste, quality, and quantity. However, avoid tomato plantation of more acidic soils along with fair nutrient content since are not proper for higher production. meter to protect nematodes effectively. Pusa Hybrid 1, Pusa Hybrid 2,  Pusa Hybrid 3 , Arka Abhijit, Arka Vishal, Arka Shresta,  Arka Vardan, Vaishali, COTH 1 Hybrid Tomato, Rashmi, MTH 4, Naveen, Rupali,  Avinash 2, Sadabahar, Sonali and Gulmohar. Statewise Area, Production and Productivity of Tomato Area in ‘000 HA, Production in ‘000 MT and Productity = MT/HA State 2010 - 11 2011 - 12 2012 - 13 Area Production PDY. Try to add 10 tonnes of farmyard manure along with 2000 gms of neem cake or 10 kg of carbofuran granules per hectare to increase the soil fertility and productivity. Tomato is the third most important vegetable of India by sharing 8.5% of total vegetable production. Tomato farming can be done throughout the year with the facility of enough irrigation during the complete growing periods. Some of the areas where tomatoes are grown include Sacramento Valley and San Joaquin Valley. Grading of fruits should be done on the basis of quality; size, color, and weight after collecting them from the field. Staking of plants which reduce Fruit touches chance to the ground. Basically, tomatoes are native to Peruvian land and the region around Mexico. Year round production of tomato … Seed treatment of selected seeds is another an effective way to minimize the occurrence of all kinds of bacterial, fungal and virus diseases. Area, Production & Productivity of Betel Vine (Plantation Crops) by District-wise in Tamil Nadu for the Year 2015-16. csv. Minimize relative humidity in plant canopy for preventing the infection. The coumaric acid & chlorogenic acid content of tomatoes is found to be beneficial in fighting against nitrosamines. Within a time span of three months of planting on the main field or about one month of flowering stage, tomatoes attain their maturity to become ready for harvesting. According to the FAO: "tomato is is the second most important vegetable crop next to potato." Whereas the calcium content is also beneficial in controlling soil pH and organic nutrient content. For stakes, use a sturdy pole at least 8 feet tall and 1 inch in diameter. Tomato is the most widely cultivated crop in India. Irrigate the crop @ every 3 to 4 days to this crop. Agro-climatic Requirement for Tomato Farming. The global estimate is currently 38.54 million tonnes, up 3.1% for 2019’s production (37.38 million tonnes) … Place tomato stakes or cages in the soil at the time of planting to avoid damaging roots later on. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is the second most important vegetable crop next to potato. If the traps indicate the whitefly activity, spray Dimethoate 30EC at 2ml/liter, observe and remove infected leaves at the time of planting or within a week of transplanting. Use of yellow sticky cards to evacuate whitefly attack, Spray Dimethoate 30% EC at  396 ml in 200-400 l of water/acre. Before transplanting plant in the felid treat with a fungicide like bavistin and humic acid. They are rich in almost all kinds of minerals and vitamins including vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin A, Iron, vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, copper along with good dietary fiber content. Frequency: Annual. One can easily cultivate tomato for about three times in a year with no frost conditions during the growing period. Disease on leaves, appear as pale green irregular spots that turn into purplish brown and later become nearly black. Mono Ammonium Phosphate can be applied as initial fertilizer to meet the phosphorus requirement during germination stage and seedling stages. The tomato fruit quality depends on the variety or cultivar chosen for cultivation since there many kinds of hybrid varieties are present in the local market in the different portion of the world. Tomato & Tamaatar (India), とまと (Japanese), Xihongshi(Chinese), Kamatis (Filipino), Kha Yan Khin Thee (Burmese), Thakkali (Sinhalese or Sri Lanka), Fan Qie (Mandarin), Ca Chua (Vietnamese), Goujeh Farangii(Persian), Kam’afbit(Taiwanese), الطماطم (Arabic), Beenbo (Cambodian),  Makhuea Thet (Thai), Vartki (Sanskrit), Domates (Turkish), Tameta (Gujarati), Ulaan lool (Mongolian), 토마토 (Korean), Ruwangum (Kashmiri), etc. The picking of fruits varies according to the purpose. 1) Green stage: If you are sending tomato fruit for long distant market, then harvest at Maturity stage with green colour . Italy, Iran, Spain, Brazil and Mexico complete the top 10. Application of balanced fertilizer on requirement basis is essential to obtain desirable yield. Avoid any type of damage to the plants while fruit picking. sprays of Chlorothalonil at 0.2% at 8 days interval. To achieve this production, almost 5 million hectares were used. Your email address will not be published. Mostly these disease appears in the vegetative growth phase of the plant and before flowering. Plants show stunted growth  with downward rolling, curling, twisting and chlorosis leaves. Depending on location, fresh-market tomatoes are produced in Pennsylvania from the first of June (in a high tunnel) to the end of October. California is a close second in fresh market tomato production and contributes significantly to the crop of fresh market tomatoes produced in the U.S. A temp below 15 °C and above 35 °C negatively affects the plant tissues via slower down the physiological activities of plants. With the help of this irrigation method, you can able to save about 60-70 percent of the water and increase 20%-25% more production. It is better to send such fruits to nearby markets. To control it, spray  10 grams of Bavistin mixed in 10 liters of water. Amar Sawant is a Hi-tech farmer, professional Greenhouse consultant, and trainer. maintain field  Sanitation don’t all to grow weeds. Tomatoes respond very well to the application of manure and fertilizers and timely application of suitable manure and fertilizer in good proportion multiplies the yield of fruits many times. In 1993, 1995, 2000 and 2001, areas planted were equal to or more than 4,000 acres. In cloudy condition take Preventive sprays of Mancozeb 75% WP at  0.25% (2.5 gm per liter water) take this spray after 5 to 7 days interval. For the 1st crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from Dec to Jan. For the 2nd crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from June to July. The significant amount of the lycopene in tomatoes also provide protection against heart-related diseases. File Size: 905 bytes. Tomatoes are also effectual blood purifiers which also clear up the urinary tract & infections. Always use healthy and certified seeds collected from the disease-free area. Great market potential throughout the world along with onion and potatoes. In tomato production, seedlings are raised in the nursery beds and for raising tomato seedlings, about 500 to 550 gm of seeds are needed per hectare land. When to harvest tomatoes? If transplanting is done in the rainy season then maintain spacing  75 x 60 cm and summer season, 75  x 45 cm. Mulching is also good option control weed after black plastic (50 microns) mulching is mostly used which controls about 95% weeds. The average productivity of tomato in our country is merely 158q/ha while its productivity in USA is 588q/ha, in Greece 498q/ha, in Italy 466q/ha and 465q/ha in Spain. Besides growing on the large-scale commercial field, these vegetables can also be grown as greenhouse tomatoes, poly house tomatoes, hydroponic tomatoes, along with pots and containers. Pusa Ruby, Pusa- 120, Pusa shital, Pusa Gaurav, Pusa Early Dwarf, Arka Saurabh,Arka Ahuti ,Arka Vikas,Arka Meghali, HS101, HS102, HS110,Hisar Arun,Hisar Lalit, Hisar Lalima,  Hisar Anmol,Co-1, CO 2, CO 3, S-12,PKM 1,Punjab Chhuhara,Pant Bahar, Pant T3 and Solan Gola. In the northern plains three crops are taken but in frost affected area rabi crop is not fruitful. They can be raised over a wide range of soil including sandy soils to heavy clayey soils. After seed treatment, seeds should be drained off in a shade for about 40 to 50 minutes & sow directly on beds at about 0.5 cm to 0.6 depth followed by soil covering. Tomato is a very important vegetable crop regarding both income and nutrition. Note that these plants these plants are highly affected by the adverse climatic and weather conditions. 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